1755, one year after Geo. Washington's defeat at Fort Necessity
and the start of the French and Indian War, the British were resolved
to eliminate the French from North America. British officer Major
General Edward Braddock was selected to lead the campaign. Braddock
personally commanded a regimen to attack the French at Fort Duquesne,
located at present day Pittsburgh. Washington accompanied Braddock
as an aide. On July 9, 1755, while the expedition was enroute to
Fort Dusquesne, the British were surprised by French and Indian
forces which totally overwhelmed the British contingent. The elite
British force suffered horrendous losses and were forced to retreat.
Although Braddock had been schooled in the art of Warfare in England,
his tactics were no match for the French and their Indian allies.
Braddock himself was among the severely wounded. On their retreat
on July 13, the British camped about one mile west of the former
Fort Necessity when Braddock succumbed to his injuries. The general
was buried in the road to obliterate any traces of the grave's whereabouts,
fearing that a marked grave would only permit the Indians to uncover
and desecrate the remains. The army then continued its retrat on
to eastern Pennsylvania.
Grave monument commemorates General Braddock's final resting place.
This pleasant little park has just undergone a very nice renovation.
It is located on Route 40 and generally can be viewed in 15-30 minutes.
Historiacal markers interpret the events leading to Braddock's
death. One marker speaks of the site's significance over a much
broader time period.
This site is part of the Fort
Necessity National Battlefield.