Uniontown is located at the foot of Chestnut Ridge, the most westward
ridge of the Allegheny Mountains. To the west of Chestnut ridge,
the terrain is best characterized by rolling hills. The terrain
of the ridge and eastward is much more exaggerated, more mountainous.
The Allegheny's are old mountains as mountains go. As such they
have been worn and weathered by millions of years of exposure to
wind and rain. They're not the stark, imposing figures of their
much younger brethren to the west, the Rockies. The elevations and
terrain of the Allegheny's are much more hospitable to humans, yet
still more challenging than the lowlands. Modern technology has
made moot many of the challenges the mountains posed for earlier
generations. Today, we can easily traverse and enjoy the beauty
with little effort. There is much to see and do, both natural and
eastward from Uniontown on Route 40, the National
Road, the mountain starts to ascend at the small village of
Hopwood, a one important
stop-off point for westward bound settlers. The 4 lane highway makes
a 3 mile ascent to the summit, first passing the entrance to Lick
Hollow State Park (a very pleasant little park for picnicking and
hiking) then Point Lookout
(a must-stop location for a very picturesque view of Uniontown below).
the crest of the mountain to the immediate right and overlooking
the valley is the Summit
Inn, a turn of the 20th century porch hotel and restaurant maintaining
much of its character from nearly a century ago. Also at the crest
of the mountain to the left is Jummonville Road. This road leads
to two significant attractions: (1) Jummonville
Glen, where a 23 year old George
Washington on his first command, skirmished with the French
in an encounter that sparked the French and Indian War, and (2)
the Cross at Jummonville
Methodist Training Center, a 60 ft steel cross with a magnificent
view overlooking the valley.
on Route 40, eastward bound just beyond the crest of the summit
(50 yds) is a well-marked road leading to the right, first passing
the golf course at the Summit Inn, then several miles further to
Laurel Caverns, Pennsylvania's
from the crest of the mountain on Route 40, if you proceed eastward
down the opposite side of the ridge about a mile, a road veers off
to the right that leads to Touchstone
Center for the Arts and a bit further to Wharton
Furnace, the remains of a 19th century iron furnace.
instead you proceed straight on Route 40 for another mile, you'll
enter the village of Chalk Hill. On the left you'll see Chalk Hill
motel and the Early
American Farm Museum with its vast array of old-time machinery.
Just past that to the right is a road (Fayette Springs Road) leading
a short distance to CW
beyond Fayette Springs Road on the left is Ohiopyle-Chalk Hill Road
which leads to several very significant and picturesque attractions.
First you will pass the entrance to Kentuc
Knob, architect Frank Lloyd Wright's lesser known home in the
area, then through beautiful Ohiopyle
State Park, with a trail head to Youghiogheny
River Trail, then to Fallingwater,
Wright's world-famous masterpiece work. Another mile past Fallingwater
is Bear Run Nature
Reserve with miles and miles of hiking trails through several
distinct, pristine environments.
on Route 40 continuing eastward from Chalk Hill, on the left you'll
pass the Stone House
restaurant inn, a mile further to Braddock's
Grave Park (where Gen. Braddock was buried in the road following
his defeat at Duquesne in 1755), another mile to Washington's
Tavern (a road house of the National
Road) on the right, then a half a mile to the entrance of Ft.
Necessity National Battlefield, where young George
Washington suffered his only military defeat as commander.
eastward on Route 40 for another couple of miles, you will come
to the entrance of the magnificent Nemacolin
Woodlands, a world class resort featuring a spa, shops, art,
skiing, restaurants, and 2 golf courses. Ten miles beyond Nemacolin
Woodlands on Route 40 you will cross the Youghiogheny
River-Lake recreational area. Another 4 miles will bring you
to the village of Addison, home of the Addison
Tollhouse, one of only two remaining stone tollhouses from the
days of the national Road.